Demand Response Model for Hardware Implementation


Demand response actions allow to support an adequate domestic load management, considering consumer preferences. In order to develop a hardware tool based on Arduino used to support consumers load management and decisions, an optimization mathematical model is developed and detailed in this paper. In the developed mathematical model, household appliances and electric vehicle are considered as controllable loads. The existence of a storage system based on batteries is considered as well as energy provided by the power grid and solar panel self-generation. The model is implemented using optimization software GAMS (General Algebraic Modeling System) as a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) problem, where its outputs are used as inputs applied to the hardware used as interface between the optimization mathematical model and controllable loads.

Keywords: Demand response, Load management, Mixed Integer Programming


B. Capitão, J. Lagarto, R. Pereira*, P. Almeida, P.M. Fonte

ISEL-Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa1950-005 Lisboa, Portugal

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.